Analysis of the study and control infants revealed similar mean birthweight, gestational age, cordvenous pH, cord arterial pH and SNAP scores (Table 1). SNAP scores measured the severity of illness and results indicated that the study and control infants were equal in terms of degree of illness. Length of stay, and weights on day 7, […]
Archive for the 'Dermatologic Manifestations' Category
Infants The following inclusion criteria were used to identify study infants: gestation <27 weeks, birth-weight < 1,000 g, survival to discharge, received Aquaphor topical emollient therapy every six hours during the first twoweeks of life. Eighteen such infants were identified during 1997.
This retrospective chart review was conducted at a level-3 nursery in central Texas. After reviewing the study by Nopper et al., the nursery at this institution began practice of topical application of emollient (Aquaphor, Beiersdorf Inc., Norwalk, CT) to extreme-ly-low-birthweight infants. Aquaphor ointment contains petrolatum, mineral oil, ceresin and lanolin alcohol. As per the manufacturer’s […]
Preterm infants incur high losses of heat and insensible water due to a ratio of large surface area to body weight. Extreme preterm infants may have insensible water losses in excess of 100 cc/kg/day due to immature skin, larger exposed surface area and lack of subcutaneous tissue. Often by two weeks of life, there is […]
When Aquaphor was applied to their skin, extremely-preterm infants required less fluids and had better urine output. Also, their serum potassium and bilirubin values were lower during the first two weeks of life. Fluctuations in glucose and sodium values were minimal and the values were lower in treated infants, compared to controls, but differences did […]
Kaposi’s sarcoma is a neoplasm of endothelial cells within the skin and other organs. Most KS patients are homosexual men. KS may be present in up to 46% of homosexual men with advanced HIV disease at initial diagnosis. The incidence in heterosexual injection drug users is only 3.8%. Herpes virus 8 (HHV-8) has been associated […]
Eosinophilic folliculitis Eosinophilic folliculitis typically occurs in HIV-infected persons with helper T cell counts below 200. Intensely pruritic, edematous, urticarial papules and pustules appear in crops on the trunk or face or both. Cultures and histologic examination for infectious agents are negative, but a relative peripheral eosinophilia may be present. Astemizole ( Hismanal), 10 mg […]